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Sahura: The Fifth Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt


 # **Sahura: The Fifth Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt**


Sahura: The Fifth Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt

Sahura: The Fifth Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt



Ancient Egypt is known for its remarkable civilization that spanned over 3,000 years. Throughout its history, Egypt was ruled by many pharaohs who left behind a legacy that continues to fascinate people today. One of the lesser-known pharaohs of ancient Egypt was Sahura, the fifth ruler of the Fifth Dynasty. In this article, we will explore the life, accomplishments, and legacy of Sahura.


## **Who was Sahura?**


Sahura was born around 2458 BCE and ruled Egypt from 2487 BCE to 2475 BCE. He was the son of his predecessor, Userkaf, who was the founder of the Fifth Dynasty. Sahura's mother was likely Queen Khentkaus I, who was also the mother of his two successors, Neferirkare and Shepseskare.


## **Sahura's Reign**


Sahura's reign was marked by prosperity and stability. He continued the building projects started by his father and completed the construction of his mortuary temple at Abusir. The temple was decorated with reliefs and impressive sculptures, including a life-size statue of Sahura made of granite.


Sahura also conducted several successful military campaigns, including expeditions to the Sinai and to Nubia. He established trade relations with neighboring countries and sent expeditions to the land of Punt to obtain exotic goods such as myrrh, ebony, and animals.


## **Sahura's Legacy**


Sahura's reign was relatively short, but he left a lasting impact on Egyptian art and architecture. His mortuary temple at Abusir is considered one of the finest examples of Old Kingdom architecture, and the reliefs and sculptures inside the temple are masterpieces of ancient Egyptian art.


Sahura also commissioned the construction of several other buildings, including a pyramid at Abusir, which was the first pyramid to have an internal staircase. This innovation set the standard for later pyramid construction.


While Sahura's mortuary complex at Abusir is considered one of his most significant architectural achievements, he also made several other innovations in pyramid construction. One of the most notable was the use of a new type of limestone from the Tura quarries near modern-day Cairo. This limestone was much finer and more durable than the limestone that had been used in previous pyramid construction, which allowed for more precise carving and a more polished finish.


Sahura's pyramid at Abusir was also the first to have an internal staircase, which allowed for easier access to the burial chamber and reduced the need for external ramps. Additionally, Sahura's pyramid featured a unique double entrance, which was likely intended to confuse tomb robbers.


Overall, Sahura's innovations in pyramid construction set the standard for later pharaohs and helped to establish the iconic image of the pyramids that we know today.


## **Conclusion**


Sahura may not be as well-known as some of the other pharaohs of ancient Egypt, but his reign was a significant period of prosperity and stability. His legacy in art and architecture continues to fascinate people today, and his innovations in pyramid construction set the standard for later pharaohs.


## **FAQs**


1. What was Sahura's most significant accomplishment?

- Sahura's most significant accomplishment was the completion of his mortuary temple at Abusir, which is considered one of the finest examples of Old Kingdom architecture.


2. How long did Sahura rule Egypt?

- Sahura ruled Egypt from 2487 BCE to 2475 BCE.


3. Did Sahura conduct any military campaigns?

- Yes, Sahura conducted several successful military campaigns, including expeditions to the Sinai and to Nubia.


4. What was Sahura's relationship to his predecessor, Userkaf?

- Sahura was Userkaf's son and succeeded him as pharaoh.


5. What was the land of Punt?

- The land of Punt was a region located in modern-day Eritrea and Somalia that was known for its exotic goods, such as myrrh, ebony, and animals.

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